Prior to 1919, the art world was relatively segregated. Painting, design, architecture, and the like, all acted as their own form of expression as told by their creator. However, that all changed when Bauhaus School opened in Berlin, Germany. It’s creator, Walter Gropius, had but one mission-uniting the worlds of fine art and design. During that time, a wave of Industrialization and manufacturing was moving throughout the world. Gropius feared that art would soon be replaced by function. Bauhau
Bauhaus Exhibition Poster (1923) (Photo: iv toran)
While the school closed by its own leadership due to the pressure of the Nazi’s, this radical idea changed the art world forever. Its significant impact can be seen in Dessau, Western Europe, Canada, and the United States. After its demise, many of the artists fled Germany. The emigration of the staff to other parts of the world helped to spread Bauhaus theories. This caused Tel Aviv to become seemingly saturated with artists/architects who were influenced by Bauhaus. One could say that the Nazi regime helped to spread Bauhaus ideals as the influx of artists to Tel Aviv helped it to become, “Named to the list of world heritage sites by the UN due to its abundance of Bauhaus architecture. It had some 4,000 Bauhaus buildings erected from 1933 onwards. In celebration of its centennial, we have shared a list of ways in which Bauhaus has impacted our modern world.
My Modern Net has listed Bauhaus’ influence in the categories of Style, Art, Architecture, Interior Design, and
Style of Bauhaus
The style of Bauhaus is commonly characterized as a combination of the Arts and Crafts movement with modernism, as evident in its emphasis on function and, according to the Tate, its “aim to bring art back into contact with everyday life.” Thus, typical Bauhaus designs—whether evident in
In art, this emphasis on function is apparent in the balanced compositions of abstract
In addition to paintings, Bauhaus artists often produced abstract sculptures, avant-garde collages, and modernist posters featuring bold typography and blocks of color.
Similar to Bauhaus art, architecture is characterized by harmoniously balanced geometric shapes and an emphasis on function.
Featuring open plans and lots of glass, it is inspired by the simple yet polished look of the American Arts and Crafts movement—a genre popularized by master architect and Prairie School pioneer Frank Lloyd Wright.
Bauhaus Interior Design
Bauhaus interiors are renowned for their simplicity and openness. Minimally adorned with iconic furniture—including the Wassily Chair, a model named after Kandinsky—and uncomplicated accents, they perfectly echo their exteriors.
Today, Bauhaus is often credited as the catalyst for modern architecture and furniture and as an important influence on