Prior to 1919, the art world was relatively segregated.  Painting, design, architecture, and the like, all acted as their own form of expression as told by their creator.  However, that all changed when Bauhaus School opened in Berlin, Germany.  It’s creator, Walter Gropius, had but one mission-uniting the worlds of fine art and design.  During that time, a wave of Industrialization and manufacturing was moving throughout the world.  Gropius feared that art would soon be replaced by function.  Bauhaus school was meant to deter that, and boy did it ever.  By using Industrialization and its concepts, he sough to bring art to the consumer in everyday items.  “An April 1919 exhibition entitled Exhibition of Unknown Architects, Gropius proclaimed his goal as being “to create a new guild of craftsmen, without the class distinctions which raise an arrogant barrier between craftsman and artist.”  In short, Bauhaus was aimed to serve multiple purposes as an architecture school, crafts school, and academy of the arts.

Bauhaus Exhibition Poster (1923) (Photo: iv toran)

While the school closed by its own leadership due to the pressure of the Nazi’s, this radical idea changed the art world forever.   Its significant impact can be seen in Dessau, Western Europe, Canada, and the United States.  After its demise, many of the artists fled Germany.  The emigration of the staff to other parts of the world helped to spread Bauhaus theories. This caused Tel Aviv to become seemingly saturated with artists/architects who were influenced by Bauhaus.  One could say that the Nazi regime helped to spread Bauhaus ideals as the influx of artists to Tel Aviv helped it to become, “Named to the list of world heritage sites by the UN due to its abundance of Bauhaus architecture.  It had some 4,000 Bauhaus buildings erected from 1933 onwards. In celebration of its centennial, we have shared a list of ways in which Bauhaus has impacted our modern world. 

My Modern Net has listed Bauhaus’ influence in the categories of Style, Art, Architecture, Interior Design, and its Legacy.  The full article can be viewed at: https://mymodernmet.com/what-is-bauhaus-art-movement/2/.  See below for the impact Bauhaus has had on the world around us.

Style of Bauhaus

The style of Bauhaus is commonly characterized as a combination of the Arts and Crafts movement with modernism, as evident in its emphasis on function and, according to the Tate, its “aim to bring art back into contact with everyday life.” Thus, typical Bauhaus designs—whether evident in painting, architecture, or interior design—feature little ornamentation and a focus on balanced forms and abstract shapes.

Bauhaus Art

In art, this emphasis on function is apparent in the balanced compositions of abstract pantings by Bauhaus artists like Wassily Kandinsky and Paul Klee. Undoubtedly inspired by architecture, Bauhaus paintings typically pair flat planes with overlapping shapes to suggest dimensionality.

In addition to paintings, Bauhaus artists often produced abstract sculptures, avant-garde collages, and modernist posters featuring bold typography and blocks of color.

Yellow-Red-Blue (1925) by Wassily Kandinsky (Photo: Musée national d’art moderne via Wikimedia Commons)

Fallingwater by Frank Lloyd Wright (Photo: Carol M. Highsmith via Wikimedia Commons)

Bauhaus Architecture

Similar to Bauhaus art, architecture is characterized by harmoniously balanced geometric shapes and an emphasis on function.

Featuring open plans and lots of glass, it is inspired by the simple yet polished look of the American Arts and Crafts movement—a genre popularized by master architect and Prairie School pioneer Frank Lloyd Wright.

Furthermore, this modern architecture movement heavily inspired the look of mid-century modern homes, which borrow the clean lines and functional design of Bauhaus buildings.

Bauhaus Interior Design

Bauhaus interiors are renowned for their simplicity and openness. Minimally adorned with iconic furniture—including the Wassily Chair, a model named after Kandinsky—and uncomplicated accents, they perfectly echo their exteriors.

Legacy

Today, Bauhaus is often credited as the catalyst for modern architecture and furniture and as an important influence on mid-20th century painting and sculpture. Some Bauhaus buildings—including Bauhaus Dessau, a UNESCO World Heritage Site—have been turned into tourist destinations and house museums, while many major modern art museums incorporate Bauhaus works of art into their permanent displays and popular exhibitions.

Source: https://mymodernmet.com/what-is-bauhaus-art-movement/2/

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bauhaus

Source: https://www.moo.com/blog/inspiration/bauhaus-100-years-of-radical-design